The Fifth Light!
Which of these two pictures do you prefer?
I prefer the one on the right – and I hope you do. Not because the lady is smiling, but because her eyes are smiling. There’s just a little spot of light reflected into the camera. You can add a catchlight, but shouldn’t really need to – as long as the keylight isn’t too high, and as long as the actor or actress doesn’t do the natural thing and shade his or her eyes from the glare. Sometimes you don’t want to see a catchlight – a villain shouldn’t look too handsome. And sometimes you can overdo things:
The Fog Filter
Same lady, same camera. Plus a fog filter.
It softens things in a way that’s totally unlike defocussing. May kinds available – or you could borrow a pair of tights from a passing lady. Honestly, they work almost as well. And maybe add a pinkish tinge to the subject.
The Star Filter
A star filter adds – well, a starry effect to highlights. But sorry – you can’t do that with a pair of tights.
The Graduated Filter
A graduated ND (neutral density) filter can be used to darken the sky and make it a more intense blue. Watch almost any Top Gear – or Grand Tour, otherwise known as Son of Top Gear.