Picture composition, etc
There are many books and videos on good photography. This page is intended as a beginners’ guide, not a comprehensive treatise on pictorial technique. But one thing is worth mentioning to beginners and experts alike:
Always use a tripodExcept when you can’t, of course. Most of the rest is just common sense.
Screen spaceMore and more people are using tablets and telephones to view content, so don’t waste screen area.
The Golden MeanIntersecting thirds. Don’t just chuck your centre of interest in the middle of the screen: try the horizon one third up from the bottom, or the windmill on the left of the screen.
ClosureTry not to let the edge of frame cut on a body joint.
Looking / Walking roomI believe the US term for this is nose room! Somebody walking or looking to the right needs roughly two thirds space on the right, one third on the left.
Lens choiceIf you want the viewer to feel for the girl who’s getting ready for a dangerous stunt, use a narrow angle lens and wide aperture to defocus the background.
A wide-angle lens isn’t so often used, but might be right in a comedy production.
DepthA film screen has height and width, but it’s flat. you can add depth (at least the illusion of depth) with careful framing and/or lighting.
Movement in depth is even better. Towards the camera is best – as long as that suits the story.